Lighthouse Beacons from Scotland
Photo of Stroma Lighthouse via Wikimedia Commons
Stroma Island is located in the Pentland Firth off the North Coast of Scotland near John O' Groats.
A lighthouse engineered by David A Stevenson was established in 1896, possibly on the site of an even earlier structure. The tower is 23 metres (75 feet) tall and has a nominal range of 26 miles and flashes white every 20 second.
There are a number of buildings nearby to house generators and the lighthouse keepers (prior to automation in 1996). The lighthouse was subjected to a machine-gun attack by a German aircraft in February 1941. It caused little damage and no injuries, and the keepers were soon able to make repairs.
Until 1961 the lighthouse was administered as a shore station, and subsequently (after the resident population of Stroma had left) as a rock station. An electric lamp was installed in 1972. By this time the keepers and their families were the only people living on Stroma. A helicopter pad was installed to enable supplies and personnel to be flown in.
Since automation in 1996 the island has been inhabited by sheep with an occasional human visitor.
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